- B.S Honors
- Student's Life
Home Management Residence
(A practical course being a requirement for the DEGREE of B.Sc in Home Economics)
All the theories and principles of Home Economics in general and of Home Management in particular are put into practice in the Home Management Residence. It is a specially designed area used as Home Management lab. It is a special method of training in Home Management course at College/bachelors level. It has been used for this purpose since the time of World War I.
“ The Home Management Residence course typically consists of eight
to twelve under graduate students living for a period of time varying
form three to five weeks in order to apply the Home Management practices
in real life situation.”
The residence is owned by the University and lies within the premises of the Home Economics College. The students have a varying degree of freedom to organize their activities, handle their money and practice household choice making under the close supervision of a Home Management Residence “Advisor”. The advisor has to supervise and chaperoned the activities performed by the group, and to give advises whenever needed. She resides in a quarter situated nearby.
In institutions, it is encouraged that the various groups should often meet to discuss and analyze their managerial, human, social and psychological experiences.
The concept and objectives of the course are made as such to meet the educational needs of each generation of students.
The significant pattern of response to others are laid in the home. It is recognized that those who teaches in area related to homes need to understand more about what promotes the kind healthily development which will release the creative capacities of human beings as well as what blocks growth and causes emotional handicaps. Students are being prepared for better home making, to live successfully in our present world.
The residence course is important in College teaching for several decades. It is built upon the practical application of management to a home like situation. It takes extra effort to see and transmit principles in a practical experiences which may highlight the various principles of Home Management. The practical aspect of Home Management deals and relates to the culture and social environment in which it takes place.
Residence is an apartment owned by University or College where a group of same aged students reside together for the practical application of Home Management in particular and other Home Economics fields in general, under the close supervision of a Home Management Advisor.
The Home Management and its Residence course assists students in becoming more aware of different values and goals which family holds; and of difference in resources; aware about local, national and international situations and factors affecting family resources and an awareness of how family uses different resources to attain their goals.
The students have an opportunity to develop greater skill and ability to manage time, energy and money etc. for themselves and others.
Organization of Residence Groups:
Desirable democratic procedures and opportunities are provided to each group of students to plan, organize and manage their stay in residence.
Each group sets its own goals, organize their work, makes their own activity plan or calendar, and to make a budget. They make a list of activities and assign duties to each one like: Cook, Waitress, Gardener, Hostess, Housekeeper and Sweeper. The students plan and organize various formal and informal parties, free time shopping and holiday plan.
A residence of the College may differ from a family in that all members of grou pare of same level of achievement than are family members. They need an understanding of work to be done there. The residence course is organized with an order to bring about over-all development of a girl to be better play a homemaker’s job.
The residence course is purely meant for the application of Home Management as the main subject area. The concept behind the course is Work Simplificaiton. Whereas, the generalization for it is Learning Time and Energy expediture in order to learn improved methods doing work.
As the residence course is a requirement for an undergraduate student in the last year of graduation i.e. B.Sc. Part IV, so she is expected to have compledted the required basic theory of Home Management. She is therefore expected to perform and behave according to and within the following managerial prospects:
a. Decision making and planning
b. Organizing and assigning duties
c. Setting goals and preferences according to the values
d. Communication and interaction within a group
e. Problem solving and conflict resolution
f. Work simplification by time and energy conservation
g. Resource allocation
h. Improved work methods to cope with established standards
i. Performing all household activities independently
j. Management in emergencies and unexpected events
k. Self-evaluation against all duties and responsibilities already assigned
The above are those managerial view or activities that a student may learn or develop through and by the course of Home Management Residence.
Man is a social animal. The well-heard sentence mean that one cannot live, work or stay entirely alone in the world. He has to and does week various form of help from the people around him. Humans live and make their life comfortable by mutual sharing of ideas, knowledge, experience, materials and other things of life.
A group is the collection of different people for the sake of common cause or goal. The group may be:
A Homogeneous group consists of members having same characteristics i.e. age, interest, understanding level, relationship, family background and values etc.
A Heterogeneous group comprises of members distinct or opposite in their nature, habits, age, values etc.
A family group may have some uniting goal-emotional, economic security, parenthood, companionship and protection of the young. But, it is a unique group because of different ages, interests, abilities and dependence. The homogeneous groups are less complex in character and function as compared to the heterogeneous group.
The Home Management Residence is a group performance. It stresses on group rather than individual learning and development. It aims at enabling students to live successfully and properly together with other members of the group or society. Such groups have something common or same like age, level of understanding and achievement, abilities, goal or objective, duties, facilities and same educational background. These differences within the group members like interests, income level, hobbies, skills, dependencies, family background, values, standards of performance etc.
Studies of group process have suggested a number of principles to increase the working effectiveness of a group.
Principles of Group Efficiency:
The following principles may by used by any form of group to enhance its efficiency and effectiveness:
1. The goal of group must be one/common for all
2. The goal must be clearly understood by all
3. The goal should provide for the utilization of talents of all
4. The undertaken work should be properly determined
5. The standards should be determined clearly
6. All group members should share the means and resources
7. Each member should act as a leader for sometime
8. The leader of group may einerge from the group
9. The members should be familiar to each other
10. A feeling of equality among members is essential
11. The responsibilities and duties should be clearly allocated and assigned
12. The group may follow the managerial process
13. The group members should be informed for its contribution and effort towards goals
The previously used name “practice house” is no longer applicable in teaching and learning situation such as in Peshawar University, it seemed advisable to chart the characteristics of each, practice house and Home Management House, which reveal the basic philosophy governing activities in each setup.
Practice House Home Management House
• Puts emphasis on the mere performance of work and techniques.
• Fails to realize that techniques will not guarantee success in the use of resources unless fundamental values are weighed carefully
• Gives little attention to the philosophical basis for choice in use of each resources
• Limits decision making to one leader who manages other group members as well as resources
• Considers management as an end in itself
• Thinks of efficiency as important in itself
• Goals are set up or are dictated for the members of the group and are usually socially accepted one
• Does not define goals clearly and so they do not direct or motivates action
• Group members depend on ready made answer to their problem rather than using guides in solving problem
• Dislikes change and no change is brought about in the way tings are done
• The group is unaware that management is a process and does not see its possibility in helping them achieve their goals
• Explores the total supply or variety of resources available, realizes the potential nature of resources
• Fails to evaluate the results of their management in light of family goals
• Thinks of management as planning. If plan does not work, discouragement results.
• Consider techniques valuable and necessary, but recognizes that a formulated philosophy will direct the resources along lines which hold human satisfaction
• Makes choices on the basis of values so that techniques are used in a way best for all.
• Shifts leadership from one member to another as the situation demands
• Considers management as a means to achieving family or group goals and as mental process
• Thinks of efficiency as one of the values of the group decided by them and a means to an end.
• Management challenges the members to choose its goals thoughtfully
• Each group makes its decisions and seeks answers to problems arising from own situation since its goal and resources will be different from all others
• Provides a real challenge to be flexible and to continue to grow. It recognize that purposes of management is to bring challenge; that it’s a mean of meeting changes in today’s living
• Recognizes management as a process and carries through on all three stages
• Becomes aware of the total supply and variety of resources available to them and the potential nature of resources
• Evaluates results in the light of goals setup. Finds encouragement and satisfaction when progress towards their goals is realized
‘GOALS’ of Residence Course in Home Management House:
1. Appreciation of the need for a philosophy for both family and professional living
2. An awareness of situations and problems which arise in group living
3. Gross inability to solve problems and resolve conflicts which arise in group living
4. Increasing ability in conscious decision making in relation to the management process (planning, controlling the plan and evaluating the plan)
5. Strengthening of self-confidence in areas in which there has been little or no previous experience
6. Growth in the acceptance of the consequences of decision made
7. Awareness of the strengths of self and others and the realization of the best each has to contribute to group living
8. Increasing ability to define goals which are in keeping with values, and to make use of those goals to give direction and control in the use of resources.
9. Judgment in adjusting one’s standards when confronted with a limitation of resources
Philosophy of Residence Course:
The philosophy of Home Economics is apparent in its residence course. A class room is used to provide much lip service to the human values. These values can be exemplified only in the real living situation. The lip service is to provide adequate knowledge that is theoretical aspect of Home Management. But, if the stress is placed on the skills and conventional standards then the resident course is highly valued:
The residence course emphasize on:
1. Conscious decision making
2. Human relationship
3. Work simplification
4. Coming up to the established standards
The evidence of philosophy underlying the resident course may be found in:
The degree of democracy in its organization, which means that students might
have been provided chances and opportunities to act and decide independently.
Thus, the students may enjoy freely and in a democratic in their performance.
This could be and is tried to make it as real as the home family.
Thus, the philosophy behind the residence course is to prepare the students in such a way as they are best able to live successful family life.
Learning Experiences in Home Management House:
A. Planning the organization for the group living in the house.
B. Determining personal and group goals
C. Appreciating progress towards individual and group goals
D. Having the opportunity to determine learning experiences directed towards goals.
E. Having opportunity to adjust standards to meet different situations
F. Participating in and assuming responsibility for various homemaking activities as entertaining, food preparation & service, marketing, banking, house care etc.
G. Making a conscious towards a satisfactory group living.
Possibilities for Learning:
The students in the living situation of residence have the possibility of learning by the following:
1. Learning through interaction of group
2. Learning through individualized guidance
3. Learning through group guidance
4. Learning through study
5. Learning through experimentation
6. Learning through communication with and for the group
Purpose of Residence Course:
1. To go through the managerial processes of planning, organizing, controlling and evaluating activities
2. To learn communicating methods and techniques
3. To develop decision making abilities
4. To set goals themselves
5. To divide and delegate different responsibilities
6. To allocate resources like money, time and energy.
7. To work independently
8. To solve problems and avoid conflicts
9. To become efficient and effective home makers
Objectives of Residence Course:
1. To apply knowledge from selected courses of Home Economics
2. To know how to plan meals that are suitable for the whole family
3. To have experience in buying groceries
4. To know how to set a table attractively formal and informal occasions
5. To know how to serve meal graciously to learn to be a gracious hostess
6. To plan and organize work as to make best use of the time
7. To keep the kitchen clean and in order
8. To keep the house clean and tidy
9. To realize the value to proper storage of things, in the kitchen and other area of house
10. To plan and work co-operatively with other people
11. To realize the job of Homemaker the responsibilities of running a home
12. All through the learning experience one is to be interested in the means, then in the end
13. To organize work so that all areas of the house get required care and attention
14. To know the characteristics of the various equipment and cleaning agents used in the care of house
15. To realize that the house becomes a real home with the care consideration that the homemaker gives to the house and family member
16. To take care of house and create the sense of art, imagination creatiness and initiative in the homemaker
17. To realize that good work habits helps in conserving time and energy and improve efficiency in management
18. To use time and energy to increase the income of family
19. To realize there is dignity in work
20. To realize there is dignity, in performing home work
A House into Residence:
To become a housing or home making specialist after general requirement for graduation are met, the residence of students training may be completed in Home Economics.
It helps to understand how housing affect the mental and physical health of family members and also how some trends in design, construction, manufacturing and marketing of household equipments and furnishing are related to family needs and experiences in choosing and using the equipment, add to attractiveness, safety and efficiency of the house in satisfaction of the family members.
The residence course assists students in becoming more aware of the different goals, values and standards which a family holds in carifying for themselves the values and standards that are important.
Students have an opportunity to develop greater ability to manage money, time and energy for themselves and for a group. So the goals thought to be important may be more efficiently attained. Students become interested in participating in efforts to improve the family living.
The students residing in and getting training of the residence mostly give attention to:
1. Group formation
2. Division of duties
3. Decision making
4. Interaction within group
5. Communication with advisor
6. Goal setting as a group
7. Resource allocation
8. Up-keeping values
9. Maintaining standards of work
10. Simplifying and improving work
11. Resolving conflicts and problem sloving
12. Freedom to express and decide things
13. Leadership and followership spirit
15. Time Management
16. Evaluation of each experience
17. Emergency management
18. Entertainment of guests
19. Planning and conducting parties of different nature i.e. formal and informal
20. Decoration and creativity
21. Planning menu
22. Self confidence and self reliance
23. Table setting
24. Cleanliness and up keep of residence
25. Dressing for the party
26. Food preparation, serving and storage
27. Neat and orderly bed rooms
28. Arrangement of furniture, tools and equipments
29. Posture and position of body while working
30. Personal development i.e.
a. Managerial: Observation, initiative, responsibility
b. Acceptance of differences
In most of the Home Economics campuses the students are charged for housing, infrastructure like electricity, gas and water, furnishing, and misuse or damage caused to the residence.
Productivity in the residence may mean finishing an activity in time, with given/required standards of work. The productive work also refers to the completion of a job or task as a part of the whole project. The satisfaction depends upon attainment of group goals in terms and conformity with the approval and grades of advisor.